In vitro fertilization is often chosen among women that are having a difficult time conceiving. The process is not a complicated process and one that is used when the likelihood of a sperm fertilizing an egg is not positive. The process may also be performed when the oviducts of the woman are restriction.
The process of in vitro fertilization:
There are various steps in the process which begin with induction of ovulation. Once ovulation is induced, the process to retrieve the woman’s eggs are performed. Insemination and fertilization then takes place and the embryo is transferred. Pregnancy testing is the last step in the process and will confirm whether the in vitro fertilization was successful.
One of the most important steps in the process is the retrieval of the eggs. During this process, extraction of the woman’s eggs from her ovaries takes place and will later be fertilized with the male’s sperm. Once this has been performed, the healthy eggs are then mixed with the male’s sperm and are monitored until fertilization takes place. The embryo is then transferred. The process of the embryo transfer begins and takes roughly two to three days depending on the age of the woman and the number of embryos.
The transfer of the embryo can be done one of two ways:
Blastocyst Transfer: This type of transfer takes place after five days. The culturing will reach what is called the blast cyst stage. At this point it is easier it is much easier to tell the healthy embryos and to transfer them to the uterus.
Frozen Embryo Transfer: This is the newer of the two types of treatments. Women that undergo this infertility treatment may have the extra embryos frozen. This is done for patients that fear the first procedure may not be successful. The remaining embryos will later be used in an ulterior IVF treatment. Later the embryos are transferred. Cryopreservation is another name for embryo freezing. This can also be done for women that wish to have children later in life.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis: Prior to the implantation pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is performed. This establishes any risks that may be involved which may transmit a genetic disease to the child. If risks are involved the treatment may be banned. This will avoid the possibility of an abortion later. There is a chance of risks still occurring, as not all disorders can be detected.
Implantation failure: There many reason why something may go wrong. The process may just not take properly. In each step of the in vitro process, there are risks and the procedure can fail.
The implantation of more than one embryo is done to ensure a successful pregnancy which may result in the woman having more than one child.
For woman that could not once conceive, the advancement in technology has made it possible for many women to conceive both during child bearing years, and after. However, there is a ratio of woman that even the infertility treatments are ineffective.